A housing change may become necessary in certain circumstances. Should you find you need to leave your apartment or house, rest assured this is possible. However, you must remain in accordance with French laws in order to do so. Here are six points to bear in mind when embarking upon a housing change:
- The most important first step is to find, and read carefully, the lease you signed a few months (or years) ago to determine the notice period.
- The notice period within your lease will vary according to the type of lease you signed (for example, empty or furnished flat, Lease Civil Code or Lease “sous la loi du 6 Juillet 1989”). There is always a paragraph in the lease document that sets the terms of notice. Note that depending on the type of lease you signed and the date on which you signed it, this period may be modified by a new law such as the Alur (signed 3/27/2014) or the Macron (signed 08/06/2015).
- You need to identify within the lease the person to whom you will legally send your written notice. It may be the lessor or his proxy.
- Your written notice must always be sent as a registered letter with acknowledgment receipt.
- The date your letter is received sets the notice period of your departure. It is therefore necessary to consider mail routing time and letter receipt time when organizing your departure date. Note that it is also possible to hand deliver your notice letter. In this case, be sure to leave with a stamped, dated and signed copy of the notice as your proof of delivery.
02/23/2012 You sign a lease for an unfurnished flat in Paris, according to the Lease Law of July 6, 1989. The lease indicates 3 months’ notice for the tenant.
11/10/2017 You determine that you would like to vacate your property on January 27, 2018. Since you live in the Paris region, where real estate is in high demand (Zone Tendue, décret n°2013-392 du 10 Mai 2013), you are legally entitled to implement the Alur and Macron laws. The Alur law allows you to request one month’s notice, even though your lease states three months’ notice. The Macron law allows you to request one month’s notice, even if your lease has been signed before the date of the law.
12/10/2017 You mail your notice letter at the post office with Delivery Receipt (“LRAR”), informing the landlord you want to leave the apartment and would like to request one month’s notice. It is important that you refer to the applicable law(s) in your request. For example, “According to the Alur and Macon Laws, the notice period in my lease is reduced to one month. I propose to exit the apartment on January 27, 2018 (“En application des lois Alur et Macron, le délai du congé est ramené à un mois. Je vous propose d’effectuer un état des lieux de sortie le 27 janvier 2018 à 10h00”).
12/16/2017 The landlord receives the notice letter. The date the letter is officially received is the date your official notice period begins, as he is now informed one month before the date you want to leave (the 27th of January).
Should the landlord receive your notice on the 28th of December, you must pay your rent until the 28th of January. However, your last month’s rent can be prorated for a partial month’s stay and does not need to be paid through the last day of the month.
- In your notice letter, do request an appointment with the lessor to arrange an exit inspection.If you are having trouble finding the right notice information for your lease, do not hesitate to contact a professional relocation company like Smart Relocation. It is our mission to help our clients secure their departure from France without undue stress.
If you are having trouble finding the right notice information for your lease, do not hesitate to contact a professional relocation company like Smart Relocation. It is our mission to help our clients secure their departure from France without undue stress.
We hope you have found these notice tips helpful. Please feel free to leave your comments below. We are always happy to respond.